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History

Remembrance for Mary Wingfield Scott

“Miss Scott dies here” by Gary Robertson
Richmond Times-Dispatch
August 10, 1983

Miss Mary Wingfield Scott, a crusading voice—and at times a lone voice—for more than half a century for preserving Richmond’s historic architecture, died yesterday at the age of 88. Miss Scott was known for her effectiveness, her hard work, her scholarly background; but not for her tact. She clashed with politicians, city planners, newspaper editors, business leaders, property owners.

Once she was asked why battles were so frequently lost in the struggle to save the city’s architectural heritage. Her response was acerbic, and typical. “There are always people with no taste, and they’re in the majority,” she said. “The city administration is responsive to people with no taste.”

Miss Scott wrote two books, “Houses of Old Richmond,” and “Old Richmond Neighborhoods,” and was widely recognized as the city’s indisputable authority in those areas. In 1935, she founded the William Byrd branch of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities to save the Craig House at 19th and Franklin streets from demolition. The group bought and restored the house, which was the early home of Helen Stanard, Edgar Allan Poe’s “Helen.”

Over the years, Miss Scott purchased a number of houses that she felt needed to be preserved. She, along with Mrs. John D. Bocock, first bought the Barrett House at the northeast corner of Fifth and Cary streets.

Next she purchased a group of dwellings on Oregon Hill, where a number of quaint and picturesque houses had been built in the 1840s and 1850s for workmen at the Tredegar Co. Miss Scott was not happy with what had happened to Oregon Hill, and she was blunt about it. She said the area had been irrevocably split by the War Memorial— “that airplane hanger with the lady inside breaking her neck.”

Miss Scott’s largest purchase was seven houses on the north side of the 100 block of East Franklin Street, known as Linden Row. The houses, with their tiny, raised front yards, are believed to represent the best surviving row of Greek Revival architecture in the nation. Miss Scott deeded her Linden Row properties to the Historic Richmond Foundation in 1980.

Although Miss Scott’s tongue was sharp, she maintained a sense of humor that often made her opponents to historic preservation laugh. In the mid-1950s, for example, there was a movement for a face lifting of Capitol Square, including removal of part of a 138-year-old iron fence and construction of a three-level reflecting pool. “The next thing they propose will be to replace the squirrels with peacocks,” she observed. Miss Scott and her supporters won that battle.

Miss Scott was a member of one of Richmond’s oldest and most influential families, but any reference to her background was usually lighthearted. “I should have been born a foundling,” she once said. “I don’t give a hoot about ancestors. If one of them had been a pirate or was hanged, it would be interesting. A bishop is respectable but not exhilarating.” Her maternal grandfather was Episcopal bishop of Northern California.

Miss Scott was educated at Miss Jenny Ellett’s School (forerunner of St. Catherine’s School), St. Timothy’s School in Maryland, Bryn Mawr, Barnard and the University of Chicago, where she received her master of arts degree and Ph.D. in art and art history. For seven years, from 1921 to 1928, she was an associate professor at Westhampton College. Although she never married, Miss Scott adopted two sons in 1927. Miss Scott received the ninth annual Distinguished Service to the Arts award given by the Federated Arts Council of Richmond in 1979. She also was an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects.

Miss Scott was known as a rebel. But she was a rebel with a cause, and she embraced historic preservation with evangelic fervor. Miss Scott delighted in her independence: “I don’t work for anyone,” she declared. “They’ll write on my tombstone, ‘Died of errands.’” Some might add, errands well run.

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8 comments

jean mcdaniel 08/09/2013 at 7:37 AM

I had the privelege of knowing this remarkable woman. She let me live in Linden Row when I was at VCU. There were other artsey types living there—but only if she liked you!!

If you broke one of her rules, and they were very clear, you became homeless within minutes. I never ever saw her wear anything except those high top tennis shoes.
To refer to Miss Scott as a rebel is being delicate. She was one of those people that if you are lucky enough to be around you will learn a great deal of how to live a good life.

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